10. February 2014 - Roşia Montană Day was celebrated on 6 February 2014 in more than 40 cities in Romania and worldwide, bringing together thousands of participants. This cultural event was organised by Alburnus Maior and Bucureşti Association to celebrate 1883 years since the first documentary evidence of Roşia Montană.
Roşia Montană Day aimed to promote the existing natural and cultural heritage of Roşia Montană and to emphasise the need to preserve and spotlight it by including the Romanian village in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
The fourth edition of this event was organised in more than 40 cities in Romania and abroad, enjoying the presence of thousands of participants and the voluntary involvement of tens of supporters of Roşia Montană:
Alba Iulia // Arad // Baia Mare // Băile Herculane // Braşov // Bucureşti // Câmpeni // Cluj Napoca // Constanţa // Craiova // Cugir // Deva // Hunedoara // Iaşi // Mediaş // Mogoşoaia // Oradea // Piteşti // Râmnicu Vâlcea // Sibiu // Slatina // Solca // Suceava // Târgovişte // Timişoara // Turda // Zlatna // Aalborg // Bad-Bevensen // Bonn // Berlin // Copenhaga // Dublin // Londra // Louvain-La-Neuve // Madrid // Manchester // Montreal // Munchen // New York // Paris // Sonderborg // Toronto // Uelzen // Varşovia // Viena
In each of these cities Roşia Montană Day started with feature films and documentaries such as "Roşia Montană, a Town on the Brink" (directed by Fabian Daub, Germany) or "Nunta de piatră" ("The Stone Wedding") (directed by Dan Piţa, Mircea Veroiu, 1973), short documentaries on the cultural heritage of Roşia Montană or featuring local people who oppose the mining project which threatens it – “Roşia Montană există datorită vouă!” ("Roşia Montană Exists Thanks to You!") (directed by Tică Darie, 2013).
The area's cultural heritage and its almost two thousand year old history were also reflected by photo exhibitions which opened debate sessions on the value of relics shrouded by Roşia Montană, on the future of the region and on the mining project proposed by the mining company. In Bucharest, at the Museum of the Romanian Peasant, the exhibition was opened by the museum director, Virgil Niţulescu and continued with the presentation made by our guest Sabina Ispas, director of the Institute for Ethnography and Ethnology “Constantin Brăiloiu”, about a heritage aspect very little mentioned and studied, the immaterial heritage. The discussions on the opposition movement were centred around our guests from Roşia Montană who told us about their life there, a few decades ago and in present days.
In all cities the exhibitions were organised in cultural places, schools, high schools, restaurants or clubs and even book stores. The exhibitions were accompanied by stands with information materials or hand-made souvenirs made in Roşia Montană - bags, accessories, decorations.
Roşia Montană Day ended with concerts given by various artists such as The Weir in Arad, Mihnea Blidariu & Nick Fagadar and Fluturi pe Asfalt in Cluj Napoca, Melaz in Oradea or Maria Răducanu in Bucharest.
In Roşia Montană the 1883 years of documentary evidence were celebrated by a general assembly of members of Alburnus Maior association who opposes the mining project.
On 6 February 131 the name Alburnus Maior (the Latin name of Roşia Montană) was mentioned on the wax tablet no. XVIII. The wax tablets found in the mines at Roşia Montană represent one of the historical sources of Roman Law and the birth certificate of the Romanian people.
Roşia Montană is one of the most important historical places in Romania which preserves exceptional remains, traces with concrete scientific evidence of the Romanian people's historical evolution since Antiquity till nowadays.
The cultural landscape of Roşia Montană consists of an extraordinary concentration of relics, an exceptional Roman mining system which preserves more than 7 km of galleries, plus more than 80 km of medieval and modern times galleries, an extremely well preserved mining town since the pre-industrial time and a landscape with many traces of mining activity, including the exceptional hydrotechnical works from the first half of the 18th century. All these characteristics of the mining landscape at Roşia Montană turn it into a historical monument candidate to the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List.
This evidence of the Romanian nation's ethnogenesis and continuity are threatened with destruction by the Rosia Montana Gold Corporation proposal to open the largest open pit mine in Europe.
Photos from the events may be seen here.
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